Last modified: 2022-12-31 by bruce berry
Keywords: nigeria | ogoni | mosop | stars (red): 6 | tricolor |
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The Ogoni are an indigenous people found in south-east
Nigeria. They share common oil industry related environmental problems
with the Ijaw people of the Niger Delta. The
Ogoni rose to international prominence after a massive public protest against
the Royal Dutch Shell Oil company which was led by the Movement
for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP). In the 1990s MOSOP was
led by the environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa and demanded increased autonomy
for the Ogoni people, a fair share of the proceeds of oil extraction and
rehabilitation of the environmental damage caused by the oil industry.
Saro-Wiwa was imprisoned a number of times and charged with the murder of the
four Ogoni Chiefs in 1994. He denied the charges but was found guilty and
sentenced to death. Despite widespread international condemnation he was
hanged on 10 November 1995.
Pascal Monney, 25 Feb 1999
The flag of the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) is
blue, yellow and green equal vertical stripes with six red stars forming a
circle - four stars on the yellow striipe and one each in the centre of the
blue and green stripes. According to Wikipedia, the flag was
designed by former MOSOP President, the late Ken Saro-Wiwa.
Dean McGee, 21 June 2001
According to Dr Ide Corley, responsible for the Ken Saro-Wiwa Archives at
Maynooth University in Ireland, the symbolism of the MOSOP flag is as follows:
blue stands for the rivers, gold for the mineral wealth, green for vegetation
and fertility of the land and red for the Ogoni blood that has been spilled.
The stars stand for the six Ogoni communitiers of Babbe, Eleme, Gokana, Ken-Khana,
Nyo-Khana and Tai.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 17 Nov 2021