Last modified: 2020-09-25 by ian macdonald
Keywords: armed forces | iraq | special operations forces |
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image by Zoltan Horvath, 19 June 2014
The "Iraqi Special Operations Forces (ISOF) (Arabic: قوات العمليات
الخاصة العراقية) refers to the Iraqi special forces unit created on
December 26, 2003. As of November 2009, the forces, directed by the
Iraqi Counter-Terrorist Bureau, consist of the Iraqi Counter-Terrorist
Command, which has two brigades subordinate to it. The
Counter-Terrorist Bureau is funded by the Ministry of Defence (Iraq).
In November 2005, after two years of training the ISOF were composed of of two combat Battalions and two Support battalions. In March 2008, the force consisted of a single brigade which in turn was made up of an Iraqi National Counter-Terrorism Force (INCTF) battalion, three Commando battalions, a support battalion and a special reconnaissance unit.
Twe two operational Brigades are:
The 1st Special Operations Brigade, located in Baghdad (composed of the 1st, 2nd, and 5th Special Operations Battalions, a Support Battalion and a Training Battalion (Iraqi Special Warfare Center and School). The 1st Battalion has been renamed Iraqi 36th Commando Battalion.
The 2nd Special Operations Brigade, located in Basra, Mosul, Diyala and Al Asad (composed of four Special Operations Battalions respectively).
Source: www.isof-iq.com and https://www.brookings.edu/.../David-Witty-Paper_Final_Web.pdf
Esteban Rivera, 17 June 2014
For the قوات خاصة (English: Special Forces) (also known as قوات خاصة
عراقية (English: Iraqi Special Forces)) in modern times in the period
before, that is 1950's-2000's (a period in which the Army went under
the name Iraqi Army, then Royal Iraqi Army and again Iraqi Army or
Army of Iraq, the parent organization of the Special Forces) here's a
brief historical background: "Special operations troops in the old
Iraqi Army were first established when then Colonel Khaleel Jassim
Al-Dabbagh built the first القوات الخاصة الملكية (English: (Iraq)
Royal Special Forces) under the name of قوات الملكة عالية (English:
Queen Alia Forces) in the mid-1950s. It consisted of Sunni and Shia
Arabs, as well as other components of the Iraqi population. They were
mainly used on an emergency basis to carry out special missions inside
of Iraq and outside when the country was at war. They were also
established with the purpose of engaging in the continuous skirmishes
against the Kurd forces in the north, mainly under the Kurdistan
Democratic Party (KDP).
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraqi_Special_Operations_Forces#History , https://ar.wikipedia.org/ and https://www.facebook.com/Armyofiraq/
Esteban Rivera, 8 September 2020
The flag is the
coat of arms in the middle of a
maroon horizontal flag.
Esteban Rivera, 17 June 2014
image located by William Garrison, 04 June 2012
Iraq Special Forces Banner Iraqi Unit 23 - Saddam era
Reverse is pale yellow.
William Garrison, 04 June 2012