Last modified: 2010-03-20 by eugene ipavec
Keywords: louisiana infantry | cross: saltire (red) | saltire (red) | cross: burgundy | honor et fidelitas | galvez (bernardo de) | pensacola | coat of arms: per pale (castile and leon) |
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image by António Martins
Michael Bunn, of the Old Capitol Museum of Mississippi History, asked about the flags used by Spanish military forces in America, specifically De Soto ca. 1540 and Gálvez ca. 1780. I received the following information from Spanish vexillologist Eduardo Panizo:
An image of this flag exists in the Spanish Archivo General de Indias, in the city of Seville. It is a batallion flag of the Regimiento de Infanteria de Luisiana 1779-1781. This was the flag used by this regiment, commanded by Bernardo de Gálvez, at the battle of Pensacola on May 8th 1781, where the Spanish Army defeated the British one.
José Carlos Alegría, 16 Jul 2000
I suppose this may shed some additional light on the origin of the state flags of Florida and Alabama. This white square flag features the traditional red burgundy cross used by the Spanish army, cornered by four identical coats-of-arms, and over all the latin writing Honor et Fidélitas, meaning Honour and Loyalty.
José Carlos Alegría, 06 Sep 2000