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Marau, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-31 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | marau |
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Marau, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020

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The municipality of Marau (44,161 inhabitants in 2019; 64,930 ha) is located 265 km north-west of Porto Alegre.

Marau was settled in 1904 by Italian colonists and elevated to the 5th district of Passo Fundo on 10 January 1916, with its seat at Tope. The capital of the district was transferred to Marau on 3 July 1920.
Borella was established in 1923, soon to be a regional and national reference for pork meat products. Salami became Marau's iconic product.
The municipality of Marau was established in 18 December 1954 and inaugurated on 28 February 1955.
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020


The flag and arms of Marau are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 675 promulgated on 4 December 1974.

Article 6.
The municipal flag of Marau, designed by the heraldist Arcinoé Antonio Peixoto de Faria, shall be quartered by a saltire, with green quarters formed by white stripes of two units in width superimposed with red stripes of one unit, arranged in bend and bend sinister and crossing in the flag's center, where their are superimposed by a white rectangle of six units in width on eight units in length charged with the municipal coat of arms.

§1. In compliance with the Portuguese and heraldic traditions, and their inherited canons and rules, municipal flags have to be divided in eight, six, four or three quarters, featuring the same colors as the coat of arms and in the center or at hoist a geometrical figure inscribing the municipal coat of arms.
§2. The municipal flag of Marau obeys this general rule, being quartered by a saltire. The coat of arms applied on the flag represents the municipal government while the white rectangle represents the town as the municipal seat. White is a symbol of peace, friendship, work, prosperity and religious feeling. The white stripes charged with red stripes quartering the flag represent the spread of municipal power all over the territory. Red is a symbol of dedication, patriotic love, audacity, intrepidity, courage and valiance, while the green quarters represent the rural estates scattered over the municipal territory. Green is a symbol of honor, civility, courtesy, glee and abundance; green also symbolizes hope as greening fields in spring promising profuse harvests.

Article 7.
In compliance with heraldic rules, the municipal flag shall have the official dimensions adopted for the national flag, 14 units in width on 20 units in length.

Article 19.
The coat of arms of Marau, designed by Valter Spaldinn and revised by the heraldist Arcinoé Antonio Peixoto de Faria, is described as follows:

A classical Flemish-Iberian shield surmounted by a six-towered mural crown argent ports gules, on a field argent issuant from a base vert a stylized Brazilian pine of the same surrounded dexter by a plow and sinister by a pig passant all sable. The shield supported dexter by a stylized Indian proper clad with a string vert and holding a bow and arrow sable and sinister by a colonist proper clad with trousers vert. Beneath the shield a scroll gules inscribed in letters argent the toponym "MARAU" surrounded by date "18/XII/ 1954".

The coat of arms has the following symbolic interpretation:
a) The classical Flemish-Iberian shield, used to represent the arms of Marau, also known as "Portuguese shield" because it was generalized in the kingdom, was inherited by Brazilian heraldry to evoke the colonizing race and main builder of the nation.
b) The mural crown surmounting the shield is the universal symbol of coat of arms of domains; argent (silver) with six towers, four visible in perspective, it classifies the town as of third rank or municipal seat. The port gules (red) represent the proper qualities of the leaders of the community.
c) Argent (silver) is a symbol of peace, friendship, work, prosperity and religious feeling.
d) The Brazilian pine vert (green) issuing from a base of the same evokes a feature of the whole southern region of Brazil, constituting a natural resource for the municipality.
e) Vert (green) is a symbol of honor, civility, courtesy, glee, abundance; green also represents hope as the greening fields in spring promising profuse harvests.
f) The plow and the pig sable (black), recall the main sources of income for the municipality, agriculture and pig-breeding.
g) Sable is a symbol of austerity, prudence, wisdom, moderation and firmness.
h) The outer ornaments, the supporters represented by a Marau Indian dexter and a colonist sinister, recall the human components of the early colonization: the grant of land by the tribe whose name was immortalized in the municipality's name and the conquering colonist who civilized and offered prosperity to the community.
i) On a scroll gules (red), a symbol of dedication, patriotic love, audacity, intrepidity, courage, and valiance, is inscribed the identifying toponym "MARAU" surrounded by the date of political emancipation, "18-XII-1954".
Leis Municipais database

The first coat of arms of Marau was prescribed by Law No. 472 promulgated on 1 July 1969.

Article 1.
A Portuguese shield, tierced in mantel or, argent and vert, with a stylized Brazilian pine proper dividing the shield. On the field vert, with a Brazilian pine issuing from its center, a plow argent dexter and a pig passant sinister. A three-towered mural crown. A scroll azure charged with the black writing "18-XII-Marau-1954", the date of municipal emancipation. The shield supported sinister by a colonist and dexter by an Marau Indian, the municipality's namesake, holding a bow and arrow. The association of the national and Riograndense colors, also represents sinister, via the field or, the resources of the municipality, agriculture, commerce, industry and the people's firmness; sinister, via the field argent, the quality of the air, of the weather and of the people and the purity of the feelings; in base, the fields and forests of the municipality and constant aspiration to greatness of the land for the greatness of Rio Grande do Sul and Brazil; the stylized Brazilian pine, proper, representing the primary plant resource of the region; the plow argent, as a symbol of field work, source of income for the municipality; the pig or, representing pig-breeding as the other source of income for the municipality, the three-towered crown or representing a town born from a modest settlement and today a progressive and active town; the blue scroll, the sky and the worker's virtue and cooperation at work; the municipality's date and name in black, representing people's tenacity. The supporters are a tribute to the colonists, architects of the municipality's wealth, and to the struggle against the Marau Indians for the conquest of the land, its settlements and culture.
Municipal website


Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020

Marau, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020

A small-sized flag has the field of the coat of arms or instead of argent - probably a reminiscence of the former coat of arms.


Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020

Sports clubs

Safurfa E.C.

Marau, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020

The flag of Safurfa F.C is vertically divided yellow-white-red with the club's emblem in the white star, surrounded by "SAFURFA E.C. / 1977" (top) and "MARAU - RS" (bottom), all in red.

Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020

U.R.T.C. (União Rugby Tauras e Carancho)

Marau, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020

The flag of U.R.T.C. is blue with two horizontal purple and white stripes at the top and at the bottom and the club's emblem in the center.

Ivan Sache, 31 July 2020